<ArticleSet>
<Article>
<Journal>
<PublisherName></PublisherName>
<JournalTitle>Journal of Research on History of Medicine</JournalTitle>
<Issn>2251-886X</Issn>
<Volume>3</Volume>
<Issue>2</Issue>
<PubDate>
<Year>2014</Year>
<Month>05</Month>
<Day>01</Day>
</PubDate>
</Journal>
<ArticleTitle>The First Medical Text in Preventive Medicine Written in Islamic World</ArticleTitle>
<FirstPage>73</FirstPage>
<LastPage>78</LastPage>
<Language>EN</Language>
<AuthorList>
<Author>
<FirstName>Seied Saeid</FirstName>
<LastName>Esmaeili</LastName>
<Affiliation>. drnormohammadi@yahoo.com</Affiliation>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Gholamreza</FirstName>
<LastName>Noormohammadi</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Faramarz</FirstName>
<LastName>Fallahi</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Seyed Hamid</FirstName>
<LastName>Kamali</LastName>
</Author>
</AuthorList>
<History>
<PubDate>
<Year>2013</Year>
<Month>12</Month>
<Day>16</Day>
</PubDate>
</History>
<Abstract>Medical books written in Islamic societies have devoted special chapters to preventive medicine named Hefzossehha&rsquo;. Nowadays, Ferdous Alhekmah is considered as the first medical text authored by Muslim scientists in Islamic countries. But in this review study we offer a more ancient text that belongs to Ali Ibn Musa (Imam Reza PBUH), the 8th Imam of shi&rsquo;ites. This text was written about 815-818 AD while Imam Reza was in Marv, the Abbasid&rsquo;s capital city during the al-Ma&rsquo;mun&rsquo;s governance (813-833). This precedes the book of Tabari (810-855), Ferdous Alhekmah. This text was written specifically about preventive medicine and contains nutritional patterns; the effect of weather, sleep, four temperaments and humors on health; personal hygiene; cupping and phlebotomy; health care in travels; sex hygiene and its influence on fetus health and prevention of some especial diseases. This text was different from many books in this field in some ways. Thus, al-Ma&rsquo;mun commanded some scribes to write the text with gold and therefore it is famous to &ldquo;Resaleh Zahabieh&rdquo; which means golden letter.</Abstract>
</Article>
</ArticleSet>


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