<JournalTitle>Journal of Research on History of Medicine</JournalTitle>
<ArticleTitle>The First Medical Text in Preventive Medicine Written in Islamic World</ArticleTitle>
<FirstName>Seied Saeid</FirstName>
<Affiliation>. drnormohammadi@yahoo.com</Affiliation>
<FirstName>Seyed Hamid</FirstName>
<Abstract>Medical books written in Islamic societies have devoted special chapters to preventive medicine named Hefzossehha&rsquo;. Nowadays, Ferdous Alhekmah is considered as the first medical text authored by Muslim scientists in Islamic countries. But in this review study we offer a more ancient text that belongs to Ali Ibn Musa (Imam Reza PBUH), the 8th Imam of shi&rsquo;ites. This text was written about 815-818 AD while Imam Reza was in Marv, the Abbasid&rsquo;s capital city during the al-Ma&rsquo;mun&rsquo;s governance (813-833). This precedes the book of Tabari (810-855), Ferdous Alhekmah. This text was written specifically about preventive medicine and contains nutritional patterns; the effect of weather, sleep, four temperaments and humors on health; personal hygiene; cupping and phlebotomy; health care in travels; sex hygiene and its influence on fetus health and prevention of some especial diseases. This text was different from many books in this field in some ways. Thus, al-Ma&rsquo;mun commanded some scribes to write the text with gold and therefore it is famous to &ldquo;Resaleh Zahabieh&rdquo; which means golden letter.</Abstract>

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