The Role of Pasteur Institute of Iran in Disinfection of Drinking Water of Tehran (1950-1954)

Sholeh Maslehat, Ehsan Mostafavi

Abstract


Abstract: Since about 100 years ago, the size and population of Tehran were increased significantly and water scarcity has caused problems. From 1941, because of the limitations of safe water supply, plans were made to use Tehran's underground water throug

Since about 100 years ago, the size and population of Tehran have increased significantly and water scarcity has caused some serious problems. Since 1941, owing to the shortages of drinking water, plans have been made to use Tehran's groundwater in reservoirs, Qanat and rivers; then due to the pollution of these waters, new challenges were risen how to access to the safe water. Following the outbreak of typhoid in Tehran, which caused the contamination of drinking water in 1950, the task of water disinfection in Tehran was given to Pasteur Institute of Iran. In collaboration with the Municipality of Tehran, the surface water of the city was disinfected temporarily by changing the direction of some parts of the Qanats, chlorination of Qanat waters and excavation of shallow wells.

Following this action, water treatment was set up in Tehran and then, the water supply piping was carried out.

This article reviews the role of Pasteur Institute of Iran in disinfecting the drinking water of Tehran and controlling the typhoid outbreak during 1950-1954h water reservoirs, Qanat and rivers; and due to the pollution of these waters, new challenges were arisen to access to the safe water. Following the typhoid outbreak in Tehran, which caused the contamination of drinking water in 1950, the task of water disinfection in Tehran was given to Pasteur Institute of Iran. In collaboration with the Municipality of Tehran, the surface water of the city was disinfected temporarily by changing the direction of some parts of the Qanats, chlorination of Qanat waters and excavation of shallow wells.

Following this action, water treatments were set up in Tehran and after that, the water supply piping was carried out.

This article, reviews the role of Pasteur Institute of Iran in disinfecting the drinking water of Tehran and controlling typhoid outbreak during 1950-1954.

 


Keywords


Pasteur Institute of Iran, Disinfection, Typhoid, Cholera, Water

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